Technical Knowledge Work Base to Improve Employment Rate in Cameroon

In Cameroon, the impact of Covid-19 and the economic crises have further shown the imperfections of the labour market, accentuating workers' exposure. The appropriate functioning of the labour market is an essential factor in developing and effectively reaching higher socio-economic development levels. In this context, the vision 2035 of the Government of Cameroon’s goals for the country’s growth and development, the primary objective for Cameroon is to become a developing economy by 2035. The vision contains medium-term objectives, focusing on alleviating poverty and increasing employment, putting employment at the base stage, and becoming a newly industrialised country.

What skills and knowledge are used in the sectors where the majority of the population are employed?

To understand how to improve the employment rate, the question “what are the challenges” needs to be addressed. Currently, the country has difficulty in structuring job-relevant skills. The key challenges include making skills development programs more straightforward and supporting providers to create and offer responsive and adaptable programs that are reactive to the market's needs. In addition, Cameroon must know the need for a mix of tools to address the challenge of skills development and how to measure jobs, labour, and revenue to detect employment indicators, including job opportunities, job quality, access to work, and occupational skills.

Many studies show difficulties that Cameroon faces, such as the significant loss of the existing skills in the structure and the use of those skills. The most educated who have finished university education have the highest unemployment rates because they tend to pull out of low down-skill professions whereas few jobs demand highly skilled people.

Regarding education and training, the system is hugely inefficient, making education and training costly for families. Although even the government adopts free education, Cameroon has observed that it is difficult to apply. Moreover, these expenses overshadow the private and social benefits of education and training. Mixed, these circumstances create a difference between the quantity and quality of skills. In consequence, supply is not provided in balance with the demand for workforce skills.

The skills of the workforce can be disproportionate with the increased potential that the market could afford. Another difficulty is that most employees in the informal sector do not have technical skills; however, it is an essential provider to decreased productivity. The lack of skills can run to suboptimal work and revenues, and currently, highly informal sector employees are underemployed in Cameroon. Additionally, the fragmentation of skills supply joint with a large rural population, extensive informality, and elevated underemployment creates significant challenges.

Now the government needs to take responsibility for reviewing the system to allow all to complete general education and training because higher levels of education are necessary for Cameroon to achieve structural transformation. That requires education systems to restructure qualifications to meet the demands of individuals and workplaces, urging the establishment of the digitised economy. The core idea is that improving a critical mass of skilled labour with solid foundational and advanced skills could enhance competitiveness and meet the demand of transforming the economy's labour. Thus, education and training can improve skills, drive growth and help Cameroon develop into a higher value of services and products. Nonetheless, a major challenge is how to combine the currently fragmented approaches to enhance the skills provided by private organisations and various ministries.

Do workers have the education and training required to increase productivity?

The statistics show that a small number of workers with incomplete primary education work in the public sector. Those who have finished lower, upper, and post-secondary education are more likely to be in government service and have job security. Many others are also in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), which offers them an aim to continue education. However, they are not guaranteed jobs even if they get trained. On the other hand, the Enterprise Survey found that some managers in Cameroon did not have a formal education. This is one of the core weaknesses of the country’s private sector.

It is essential to focus on skills investments to increase productivity, development, and complementary business development areas; the Government of Cameroon could produce substantial value-added jobs for the contribution in growth and productivity. Also, all sectors could build sustained careers and turn the country away from seasonal employment. However, Cameroon can be on the excellent path to turn out to be self-sufficient. The combined product and accumulation of skills requested in the workforce would allow the country to sustain growth and achieve its vision by 2035.

Furthermore, information technology skills specifically can improve competitiveness in a wide range of sectors. Increasing the country’s competitiveness would necessitate many factors, such as a sustainable flow of employable skills and constant investments in information technology related to secondary and post-basic education. For Cameroon, to accomplish these structural transformations, the government must detect skill gaps in technology and innovation. The evaluation could form the basis for offering training and certifying skilled individuals. Yet, the Cameroonian youth lack market-relevant skills in information technology. Moreover, higher education registrations in engineering, applied sciences, and technology are modest.

Despite the difficulties and financial challenges of Cameroon, it has excellent potential to create productive jobs. Firstly, however, the government must guarantee a minimum level of capital-intensive investment for the structural transformation of production processes and facilitate both TVET and university education systems. The long-term efforts at system-wide enhancement could provide all Cameroonians with solid skills, and raise the education system’s orientation in the direction of technology and science.

The necessity to improve employment in Cameroon through skill and technical knowledge

The current situation in Cameroon lacks transformation and an employment structure has been progressively tilted toward the informal services sector where low-return employment, relative to poverty, is disguised as unemployment dominant. But through education and training, a change and contribution can be made to economic growth for improving the employment rate in Cameroon. Meanwhile, it will also require to associate workforce growth with essential economic and social urgencies, safeguarding correct governance of the workforce improvement system.

Education and training do not solely help to establish human capital but also empower the skills to be used efficiently as part of the production element. The demand and supply for workforce progress have many challenges, training, confronts labour market inflexibilities, such as the quantity of the workforce. Therefore, the education and training show additional structural vigour than does the labour market. Inflexibilities lead to unemployment. For education and training to have a considerable impact, the skills and knowledge acquired by workers need to be pertinent to the labour market.


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